This Master´s Programme in English language provides
participants with the basic knowledge of the processes and systems
of coastal zones and makes students aware of the complexity of coastal
zone uses. The programme supplies students with modern analytical
skills and tools to diagnose problems and issues. It demonstrates
that integrated management is a common and iterative process of
all who are partners by a certain problem. The programme outlines
how to mediate this process and to handle managing measures effectively.
It trains students to work in multidisciplinary teams and in dialogue
with the public. Course start in October 2002.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Database Specialist
The Coastal Resources Centre, University College Cork is seeking an individual
with a background in spatial database design and implementation to join
a team that is developing a web-enabled, GIS-integrated, marine data management
and dissemination system utilising high performance computing (HPC) networks.
The work is funded under the HEA PRTL Cycle III and will be carried out
in collaboration between the Coastal Resources Centre, University College
Cork (UCC) and the National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG). The
researcher will be based in the Coastal Resources Centre, UCC. The successful
candidate should have a PhD, ideally in a marine science/technology related
field involving the management and dissemination of high volume heterogeneous
geospatial data. Programming and web-skills will be a distinct advantage.
The appointment will be for a three-year period with a starting salary
of approximately EUR 28K, depending on experience.
Marine Conservation Society: Good Beach Guide Officer
The Marine Conservation Society MCS is seeking a Good Beach Guide Officer
to promote a better public understanding of the water quality issues that
affect our coastal environment. The post holder will be responsible for
the research, production and launch of the MCS Good Beach Guide 2003.
This will involve liaison with beach managers, water companies and government
agencies to compile information on bathing water quality and sewage outfalls
from all UK beaches. The post holder will also organise the launch of
the Guide to the media and respond to media and public enquiries about
bathing water quality. The post is for an initial period of 10 months
with a high potential for extension. The post is available immediately
and the successful candidate will be required to take up post by the end
of September 2002.
Defend the Dunes
UNEP Biodiversity Atlas provides gloomy picture
The first 'World Atlas of Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources for
the 21st Century' by the United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation
Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) was launched earlier this month. It is the
first comprehensive map-based view of global biodiversity and provides
facts and figures on the importance of forests, wetlands, marine and coastal
environments and other key ecosystems. By using maps to show the location
of plants and animals, it draws together the work of researchers across
the world who have identified particularly rich or vulnerable areas. The
atlas graphically reveals humankind's alteration of the natural world.
During the past 150 years, humans have directly impacted close to 47 percent
of the global land area, the atlas shows. Humans now capture more than
40 % of the world's plant and marine growth - leaving an estimated 7 million
wild species to compete for the remainder. Under one scenario, biodiversity
will be threatened on almost 72 percent of Earth's land area by 2032.
In view of the severe decline of stoneworts (Charophyta) along the German
Baltic Sea coast, an effective conservation programme has to provide more
than the preservation of the remaining populations. A careful restoration
of eutrophicated coastal water courses formerly harbouring rich populations
of the plant is the only way to ensure the long-term survival of this
group of algae and its associated fauna. This integrated view on species
conservation is voiced by the authors of the survey on distribution, threats
and conservation of stoneworts in the Southern Baltic Sea, published in
the July edition of "Natur und Landschaft". Until 1970, stoneworts were
not uncommon in the region, but in later years, most stands declined dramatically
under pressure from euthrophication, tourism and motorboat traffic.
Comprehensive assessment on endocrine disruptors out
The new report from the International Program on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
"Global Assessment of the state-of-the-science of endocrine disruptors
(EDCs)" reviews available literature in an attempt to answer whether chemicals
which have the potential to interfere with the normal functioning of the
endocrine system are threatening the health of humans, wildlife and the
environment. With respect to wildlife, exposure to organochlorines (PCBs,
DDE) has been shown to adversely impact the reproductive and immune function
in Baltic seals, resulting in marked population declines, the study notes.
Eggshell thinning and altered gonadal development have been observed in
birds of prey exposed to DDT, resulting in severe population decline.
There is extensive evidence that chemical constituents present in pulp
and paper mill effluents and sewage treatment effluents can affect reproductive
endocrine function and contribute to alteration in reproductive development
in fish. Exposure of marine gastropods to TBT from antifouling paints
provides the clearest example in invertebrates of an endocrine-mediated
adverse effect caused by exposure to a contaminant. Overall, the biological
plausibility of possible damage to certain human functions (particularly
reproductive and developing systems) from exposure to EDCs seems strong
when viewed against the background of known influences of endogenous and
exogenous hormones on many of these processes. There is sufficient evidence
for endocrine-mediated effects to warrant concerns, the study concludes.
The IPCS is sponsored by the World Health Organization, the United Nations
Environment Program and the International Labor Organization. This assessment
was requested in 1997 by the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety,
the 1997 Declaration of the Environment Leaders of the Eight on Children's
Environmental Health, and endorsed by the 50th World Health Assembly in
1997. More than 60 international scientific experts contributed to the
report either as IPCS Steering Group Members, chapter leaders, authors
Maritime traffic contributes significantly to overall emissions of sulphur
dioxide and nitrogen oxides in Europe. These pollutants contribute to
the problems of regional acidification, eutrophication and ground-level
ozone formation. While action is being taken to reduce land-based sources
of these pollutants, the contribution from shipping continues to increase.
These and other results of new studies on ship emissions in the Mediterranean
Sea (prepared by Lloyds) and on the economic, legal, environmental and
practical implications of a EU system to reduce ship emissions of SO2
and NOx (developed by BMT) can be accessed from http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/air/background.htm#transport;
The total number of registered dead seals in the Skagerrak-Kattegat area
that are victims of the seal virus (phocine distemper virus, pdv) is more
than 3970, and about 482 in the Netherlands.
Swiss Re shows how to manage the effects of climate change
"Opportunities and risks of climate change", a new study by Swiss Re,
one of the world's biggest insurer of insurers, treats climate change
as a fact and concludes: "If climate change accelerates, and we fail to
adapt to it in time, we will lose a degree of safety and prosperity. This
is the risk. If we learn to manage our natural resources responsibly and
adapt readily and intelligently to the constant change in the decisive
factors, we can maintain and even enhance safety and prosperity. This
is the inherent opportunity of climate change." One of the examples given
are innovative measures to prepare for the risks of floods. The publication
shows how the forecasts of climate research can be broken down into practical
measures, and thus aims to make the concrete effects of climate change
European Directive on safety of maritime traffic signed
The Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June
2002 establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information
system aims at enhancing the safety and efficiency of maritime traffic,
improving the response of authorities to incidents, accidents or potentially
dangerous situations at sea, and contributing to a better prevention and
detection of pollution from ships. It stipulates that Member States shall
monitor and take all necessary and appropriate measures to ensure that
the masters, operators or agents of ships, as well as shippers or owners
of dangerous or polluting goods carried on board such ships, comply with
the requirements of the Directive, which applies to ships of 300 gross
tonnage and upwards but not to fishing vessels, traditional ships and
recreational craft of a length of less than 45 meters.
Recently, the Council and the European Parliament signed "Regulation
(EC) No 1406/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27
June 2002 establishing a European Maritime Safety Agency". The Agency
has the purpose of ensuring a high, uniform, and effective level of maritime
safety and prevention of pollution by ships within the Community. It shall
provide the Member States and the Commission with the technical assistance
need and with a high level of expertise, in order to help them to apply
Community legislation properly in the field of maritime safety and prevention
of pollution by ships, to monitor its implementation and to evaluate the
effectiveness of the measures in place. The Agency shall be operational
within the next 10 months.
Deadline for submitting contributions to Coastal Guide News No 17: 4 September, 2002
COASTAL GUIDE NEWS is a biweekly newsletter published by the EUCC - The Coastal Union with financial support of Stichting DOEN, the foundation of the Dutch lottery "Postcode Loterij" and the Department of International Nature Affairs of the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. For free subscriptions, comments or contributions to this newsletter, please contact email@example.com.
Members of the Coastal Guide News editorial team: Erik Devilee,
Marijke Kooijman, Irene Lucius, Piet Lansbergen, Hanneke Mesters, Albert
Established in 1989, the EUCC - The Coastal Union is an association involving
the largest coastal network in Europe with 750 members and member organisations
in 40 countries. For more information please contact EUCC International
Secretariat, POBox 11232, NL-2301 EE Leiden, the Netherlands, tel.: +31-71-5122900,